Medical Science has evolved a lot in the last few decades and now there is treatment available for many diseases that seemed to be impossible in the past. Liver transplantation is one of those boons of the medical science that has been saving lives of many people all round the globe. When the liver gets infected and reaches a stage where it cannot be treated with traditional medicines and treatment, doctors advice for liver transplantation.
The deceased liver is replaced by healthy liver donated by the donor. The donor might be a deceased one or a living one. In case of living donor, a part of the liver is removed from the donor and transplanted in recipient. The Liver has an amazing capacity to regenerate. There are also many criteria that needs to be fulfilled such as blood group, height and weight of the patient for liver transplantation.
There are many people who suffer from different types of liver diseases. When the disease progress to the last stage the life expectancy becomes less than a year sometimes. In such cases liver transplantation is the only option left. In medical terms, the severity of liver damage is graded from A to C. When the patient is on stage C, it is time to go for transplantation.
The first thing that is important is to know the symptoms of liver cirrhosis. Some of the common symptoms of liver cirrhosis are as follows –
This is very necessary before liver transplantation. The first thing that is done in liver transplantation is to know the severity of the liver failure. Then the functions of other organs such as heart, lungs and kidneys are very important to assess. Then the mental preparation that is required for the patient before going for the liver transplant.
Cadaver or deceased donor is referred to brain dead donor here. It is the condition when the donor is declared brain dead but still other organs of body can be donated as the blood supply in other parts of body is maintained for some time.
Liver cancer also known as Hepatocellular Carcinoma in medical world is the primary cancer as it is originated from Liver itself. Liver Cancer is the most common cancer disease widely spread in cancer patients. Main causes of liver
Auxiliary liver transplantation is used to treat patients with acute liver failure.Auxiliary liver transplantation is the implantation of a right or left hemiliver into the abdominal cavity to recover the functioning of a diseased liver.
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